Literature

Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated With Streptococcal Infections: Clinical Description of the First 50 Cases.  Swedo SE et al.  Am J of Psychiatry.  1998.

Improvement of psychiatric symptoms in youth following resolution of sinusitis.  Mahony T, et al. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017.

Microglial Dysregulation in OCD, Tourette Syndrome, and PANDAS.   Frick L and Pittenger C.  J Immunol Res. 2016.

Case study: acute basal ganglia enlargement and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in an adolescent boy. Giedd J et al. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996.

Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS).  Swedo SE.  Mol Psychiatry, 2002.

CNS autoimmune disease after Streptococcus pyogenes infections: animal models, cellular mechanisms and genetic factors.  Cutforth T et al.  Future Neurol., 2016.

Disordered eating and food restrictions in children with PANDAS/PANS. Toufexis MD et al.  J. Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2015.

Lyme disease and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS): an overview. Rhee H and Cameron DJ.  Int Journal of Gen Med., 2012.

 Post-Streptococcal Autoimmune Disorders of the central nervous system.  Snider LA and Swedo SE, Curr Opin Neurol., 2003.

MRI Assessment of Children With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or Tics Associated With Streptococcal Infection.  Giedd J., et al.  Am J Psychiatry, 2000.

Challenges in the Identification and Treatment of PANDAS: A Case Series. Mabrouk AA and Eapen V., 2008.

Clinical Evaluation of Youth with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS): Recommendations from the 2013 PANS Consensus Conference.  Chang K et al.  J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2015

Therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin for obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorders in childhood. Perlmutter SJ. et al.  Lancet. 1999 Oct 2;354(9185):1153-8.

 IVIg Therapy in PANDAS: Analysis of the Current Literature.  Younger D and Chen X.  Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery.  2016 3(2): 125

An open trial of plasma exchange in childhood-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder without poststreptococcal exacerbations.  Nicolson R. et. al.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000 Oct;39(10):1313-5.

The pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS) subgroup: Separating fact from fiction. Swedo SE et al.  Pediatrics.  2004 113:907–911.

Treatment of Sydenham’s chorea with intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, or prednisone.  Garvey MA et . al.  Journal of Child Neurology. 2005 May;20(5):424-9.

Systematic review of immunoglobulin use in paediatric neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders. Gadian J, et. al.  Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2017 Feb; 59(2):136-144.

Update on the use of immunoglobulin in human disease: A review of evidence.  Perez EE et. al.  Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2017 Mar;139(3S):S1-S46

Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children: Clinical Phenomenology, Therapeutics, and Emerging Challenges. Dale RC et al.  Current opinion in Neurology.  2017 Jun;30(3):334-344

 

From Research Subgroup to Clinical Syndrome: Modifying the PANDAS Criteria to Describe PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome).  Swedo SE et al. Pediatrics and Therapeutics.  2012