Literature

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Improvement of psychiatric symptoms in youth following resolution of sinusitis.  Mahony T, et al. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017.

Microglial Dysregulation in OCD, Tourette Syndrome, and PANDAS.   Frick L and Pittenger C.  J Immunol Res. 2016.

Case study: acute basal ganglia enlargement and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in an adolescent boy. Giedd J et al. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996.

Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS).  Swedo SE.  Mol Psychiatry, 2002.

CNS autoimmune disease after Streptococcus pyogenes infections: animal models, cellular mechanisms and genetic factors.  Cutforth T et al.  Future Neurol., 2016.

Disordered eating and food restrictions in children with PANDAS/PANS. Toufexis MD et al.  J. Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2015.

Lyme disease and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS): an overview. Rhee H and Cameron DJ.  Int Journal of Gen Med., 2012.

 Post-Streptococcal Autoimmune Disorders of the central nervous system.  Snider LA and Swedo SE, Curr Opin Neurol., 2003.

MRI Assessment of Children With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or Tics Associated With Streptococcal Infection.  Giedd J., et al.  Am J Psychiatry, 2000.

Challenges in the Identification and Treatment of PANDAS: A Case Series. Mabrouk AA and Eapen V., 2008.

Clinical Evaluation of Youth with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS): Recommendations from the 2013 PANS Consensus Conference.  Chang K et al.  J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2015

Therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin for obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorders in childhood. Perlmutter SJ. et al.  Lancet. 1999 Oct 2;354(9185):1153-8.

 IVIg Therapy in PANDAS: Analysis of the Current Literature.  Younger D and Chen X.  Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery.  2016 3(2): 125

An open trial of plasma exchange in childhood-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder without poststreptococcal exacerbations.  Nicolson R. et. al.  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000 Oct;39(10):1313-5.

The pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS) subgroup: Separating fact from fiction. Swedo SE et al.  Pediatrics.  2004 113:907–911.

Treatment of Sydenham’s chorea with intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, or prednisone.  Garvey MA et . al.  Journal of Child Neurology. 2005 May;20(5):424-9.

Systematic review of immunoglobulin use in paediatric neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders. Gadian J, et. al.  Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2017 Feb; 59(2):136-144.

Update on the use of immunoglobulin in human disease: A review of evidence.  Perez EE et. al.  Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2017 Mar;139(3S):S1-S46

Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children: Clinical Phenomenology, Therapeutics, and Emerging Challenges. Dale RC et al.  Current opinion in Neurology.  2017 Jun;30(3):334-344

From Research Subgroup to Clinical Syndrome: Modifying the PANDAS Criteria to Describe PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome).  Swedo SE et al. Pediatrics and Therapeutics.  2012

Immunotherapy-responsive limbic encephalitis with antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase. Markakis I et al.  Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 2014 Aug 15;343(1-2):192-4.

Low-Titre GAD Antibody-Associated Late-Onset Cerebellar Ataxia with a Significant Clinical Response to Intravenous Immunoglobulin Treatment. Petrijan T, Menih M.  Cerebellum. 2017 Aug;16(4):868-871

Prevalence of Autoantibodies and the Efficacy of Immunotherapy for Autoimmune Cerebellar Ataxia.  Nanri K et al.  Internal Medicine.   2016;55(5):449-54.

Limbic encephalitis and type 1 diabetes with glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) autoimmunity: improvement with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy.  Lopez-Sublet M et al.  Diabetes and Metabolism. 2012 Jun;38(3):273-5.

GAD65 neurological autoimmunity.  McKeon A, Tracy JA.  Muscle and Nerve. 2017 Jul;56(1):15-27

Limbic Encephalitis Associated With GAD65 Antibodies: Brief Review of the Relevant literature.  Gagnon MM, Savard M.  Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. 2016 Jul;43(4):486-93.

Anti-glutamic Acid decarboxylase antibody associated limbic encephalitis in a child: expanding the spectrum of pediatric inflammatory brain diseases.  Mishra N et al.  Journal of Child Neurology . 2014 May;29(5):677-83.